The potential benefits and mechanisms of potassium ferrate pretreatment and calcium chloride addition on sludge dewaterability were investigated in this study. The capillary suction time (CST) was used to evaluate sludge dewaterability. Results indicated that potassium ferrate of 0.1 g/g total solids (TS) and calcium chloride of 0.4 g/g TS were optimal parameters, and corresponding CST reached 43.7 s. Soluble organics in extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) were determined by three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy, which was used to explain the mechanism of sludge dewaterability. The fluorescence intensities of protein-like and humic-like substances in EPS had a negative relationship with the CST. Scanning electron microscopy images indicated that calcium chloride neutralized the surface charge of particles, making the soluble protein-like substances agglomerate and form bigger flocs, consequently enhancing sludge dewaterability.
- calcium chloride
- excitation-emission matrix
- sludge potassium ferrate
- waste activated
- First received 3 September 2015.
- Accepted in revised form 15 March 2016.
- © IWA Publishing 2016